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Chun Qiu 春秋

The Chunqiu 春秋 "Spring and Autumn Annals" is the chronicle of the state of Lu 鲁 between 722 and 479. It is the oldest and the only surviving type of chronicles from the early Eastern Zhou period 东周 (770-221 BC). The book gained such a high position in traditional literature that the whole period covered by it was called the Spring and Autumn period 春秋 770-5th cent. BCE).
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  即位则书正月未即位则不书正月(原注定无正月是也)继正则书即位继故则不书即位(原注庄闵僖)受命则书王不受命则不书王(原注桓无王)   雩例......

  楚庄王杀陈夏征舒,春秋贬其文,不予专讨也。灵王杀齐庆封,而直称楚子,何也?曰:庄王之行颐贤,而舒之罪重。以贤君讨重罪,其于人心善。若不贬,孰知其非正经。《春...

  “楚庄王杀陈夏征舒,春秋贬其文,不予专讨也;灵王杀齐庆封,而直称楚子,何也?”曰:“庄王之行贤,而征舒之罪重,以贤君讨重罪,其于人心善,若不贬,庸知其非正经...

  [疏]“汉司空掾”。解云:汉者,巴汉之间地名也。於秦二世元年,诸侯叛秦,沛人共立刘季以为沛公。二年八月,沛公入秦,秦相赵高杀二世,立二世兄子子婴。冬十月为汉元...

  (传)元年者何?君之始年也。春者何?岁之始也。王者孰谓?谓文王也。曷为先言王而后言正月?王正月也。何言乎王正月?大一统也。公何以不言即位?成公意也。何成乎公...

  是以妖灾因衅而作,衅,许靳反。民俗染化而迁,阴阳为之愆度,为之,于伪反,下同。七耀为之盈缩,缩,所六反。川岳为之崩竭,鬼神为之疵厉。疵,才斯反。厉音例,又作...

    风诗之变,多春秋间人所作,而列国名卿皆作赋才也。然作者不名,述者不作,何欤?盖当时秖有诗无诗人。古人所作,今人可援为己诗;彼人之诗,此人可赓为自作,期于...

  或问孟子云春秋天子之事也是故孔子曰知我者其惟春秋乎罪我者其惟春秋乎胡氏曰仲尼作春秋以寓王法惇典庸礼命徳讨罪其大要皆天子之事也知孔子者谓此书之作遏人欲于横流存...

  ○人臣奉主,品目不同。掌事曰司,掌书曰史。史官记事,为书立名,以“春秋”二字为记事之书名也。......

  三月,公及邾仪父盟于蔑,邾子克也。未王命,故不书爵。曰“仪父”,贵之也。公摄位而欲求好于邾,故为蔑之盟。   夏四月,费伯帅师城郎。不书,非公命也。......